IPC 2013 : B01 : PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL.IPC2013 > B > B01[c] > PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL.
Notes[t] B01 - B09: SEPARATING; MIXING
Notes[n] B01 - B07:
- The following notes are meant to assist in the use of this part of the classification scheme; they must not be read as modifying in any way the elaborations.
- In this sub-section, the separation of different materials, e.g. of different matter, size, or state, is predominantly found in the following subclasses:
- The classifying characteristics of these subclasses are:
- the physical state of the matter to be separated;
- the principle of the process used;
- particular kinds of apparatus.
- liquid/liquid or liquid/gas and gas/gas;
- solid/liquid or solid/gas;
- These subclasses are to be used according to the following general rules:
- B01D is the most general class as far as separation other than solids from solids is concerned.
- Apparatus for separating solids from solids are covered by B03B when the process concerned is regarded as the equivalent of "washing" in the sense of the mining art, even if such apparatus is a pneumatic one, especially pneumatic tables or jigs. Screens per se are not covered by this subclass but are classified in B07B, even if they are being used in a wet process. All other apparatus for the separation of solids from solids according to dry methods are classified in B07B .
- If the separation takes place as a result of the detection or measurement of some feature of the material or articles to be sorted it is classified in B07C .
- It should also be noted that the separation of isotopes of the same chemical element is covered by B01D 59/00, whatever process or apparatus is employed.
B01B BOILING; BOILING APPARATUS.
B01D SEPARATION (separating solids from solids by wet methods B03B, B03D, by pneumatic jigs or tables B03B, by other dry methods B07; magnetic or electrostatic separation of solid materials from solid materials or fluids, separation by high-voltage electric fields B03C; centrifuges B04B; vortex apparatus B04C; presses per se for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material B30B 9/02).
- This subclass covers :
- evaporation, distillation, crystallisation, filtration, dust precipitation, gas cleaning, absorption, adsorption;
- similar processes which are not concerned with, or limited to, separation (except in the case of absorption or adsorption).
- In this subclass, the terms or expressions are used with the meaning indicated:
- "filtration" and analogous terms include straining solids from fluids. Filtration is a process that normally uses a filter medium;
- "filter medium" is a porous material or porous arrangement of material used to filter solids from fluids;
- "filtering element" is a section of filter medium in addition to parts to which the medium is demountably or permanently fixed, including other sections of medium, end caps, peripheral frames or edge strips, but excluding housings;
- "filter housing" is the fluid-constraining impervious vessel, whether open or closed, which contains, or is adapted to contain, one or more filtering elements or filter media;
- "filter chamber" is the space within a housing, where filtering elements or filter media are located. Partitions may divide a single housing into a plurality of chambers;
- "filtering apparatus" consists of filtering elements combined with housings, cleaning arrangements, motor or the like parts, which are characteristic of the particular type of apparatus. Ancillary devices such as pumps or valves are considered part of a filtering apparatus when inside the apparatus. Ancillary devices performing similar or different unit operation such as comminutors, mixers or non-filtering separators, whether or not inside the apparatus, are not considered part of a filtering apparatus. The term does not extend to apparatus, e.g. washing machines, of which the filter forms only a part.
- For apparatus used in drying or evaporation, class F26 takes precedence over this subclass.
- Group B01D 59/00 takes precedence over the other groups of this subclass and over other subclasses in class B01 .
- In this subclass, the following term or expression is used with the meaning indicated:
- "mixing" covers stirring of a single material.
B01J CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS, COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS (processes or apparatus for specific applications, see the relevant places for these processes or apparatus, e.g. F26B 3/08).
- In this subclass, the following terms or expressions are used with the meanings indicated:
- "solid particles" includes such particles whether catalysts, reactants or inert in solid, semi-solid or pasty state;
- "fluidised particles" means finely divided solid particles lifted and agitated by a stream of fluid;
- "fluidised-bed technique" means fluid-solid contacting technique in which finely divided particles are lifted and agitated by a rising stream of fluid, said stream having such a speed as to form a lower dense phase (the "bed") and an upper dilute fluidised phase of "fluidised particles";
- "processes conducted in the presence of solid particles" does not include processes wherein the only solid particles present are formed during the reaction.
- In this subclass, tradenames that are often found in scientific and patent literature have been used in order to define precisely the scope of the groups.
B01L CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE (apparatus for medical or pharmaceutical purposes A61; apparatus for industrial purposes or laboratory apparatus whose construction and performance are comparable to that of similar industrial apparatus, see the relevant classes for industrial apparatus, particularly subclasses of B01 and C12; separating or distilling apparatus B01D; mixing or stirring devices B01F; atomisers B05B; sieves B07B; corks, bungs B65D; handling liquids in general B67; vacuum pumps F04; siphons F04F 10/00; taps, stop-cocks F16K; tubes, tube joints F16L; apparatus specially adapted for investigating or analysing materials G01, particularly G01N; electrical or optical apparatus, see the relevant classes in sections G and H).
- This subclass covers only laboratory apparatus which is either applicable solely to laboratory purposes or which, by reason of its simple construction and adaptability, is such as would not be suitable for industrial use.